What is IOT Hacking and IOT Devices?

IOT Hacking and IOT Devices?

Is article mai What is IOT HACKING and IOT Devices ke bare mai detail mai btaya jayga. IOT HACKING ke bare mai jane se pahle. Apko IOT ke bare mai jana jaruri hai. IOT ka pura naam Internet of Things hota hai. IOT Devices unhe kaha jata hai.

Jo Internet se kisi bhi tarah se connect ho sakte hai. Asaan language mai mai kahe aise devices jinhe hum Internet se connect kar sakte hai. Ya internet ke through kisi dusre device ke sath connect hote hai. Veh sabhi Internet Of Things hote hai.

Iske bare mai detail mai jane ke liye apko IOT ki working ko samjhna bahut jaruri hai. Vaise to IOT ki starting bahut time pahle hi ho gayi thi. Lekin aaj ke time mai IOT ka use jada isliye hone lag gya hai

Kyoki aaj ke time mai sabhi Devices Internet se connect hote ja rahe hai. Isliye ise CEH v10 mai add kiya gaya hai.

IOT devices ke through bhi hacking ki ja sakti hai. Or IOT Devices ke through bhi Hackers kisi user ke Computer ko hack kar sakte hai.

Note- This Post only for Educational purpose You don,t miss use Your Knowledge and Skills

Working of IOT

IOT HACKING mai 5 Layers milkar apna kaam karti hai.

Application layer

Middleware Layer

Internet layer

Access gateway Layer

Edge Technology layer

Application Layer data ke sending or receiving ke liye responsible hoti hai. Application layer par IOT devices ko control karne vali sabhi Applications Application layer par kaam karti hai.

Middleware Layer Devices ki information ko iktha karti hai. Jaise kisi tarah ka IOT HACKING Device hai.

Jaise Node MCU hi maan lijiye is Device ki Information ko iktha karna Middleware layer ka kaam hota hai.

Access gateway Protocol or Messaging ke liye responsible mani jati hai. Isme bhi Protocols ki bahut importance hai.

Protocols ke bare mai TP/IP Model mai bataya gaya hai. Kis tarah Port Numbers par Protocols kaam karte hai jaise Li-Fi,BL,LPWAN,RIOT OS etc

Edge Technology Layer mai IOT devices ko cover karne ka kaam karti hai.

For example- IOT kaise kaam krta hai. Google map sabse acha example hai. Jaise maan lijiye aap agar travel karte hai or apko rasta nahi malum hota aise mai. Tab aap Google map ke through hi rasta dekhne ki koshish karenge

Ab apne kayi bar aisa bhi jarur dekha hoga. Apko jaha jana hai vaha jane ka google map ke through apko kayi raste dekhne ko milte hai.

Aise mai google apko khud hi sabse acha rasta suggest karta hai. Jaha traffic bhi jada na ho yeh kaam IOT ke through hi hota hai

Kyoki Google map IOT par hi kaam karta hai. Ab apko samjh mai a gaya hoga ki IOT ka use kaise kiya jata hai.

Yeh kaam Google map satellite ke through karta hai. Jis vajah se traffic ki information bhi apko apke Android Phone mai asani se mil jati hai.

IOT Communication Models

Device-to-Device Model

Device to Device Model mai do devices ke bich mai communication hota hai. Jaise mobile hone or wireless Printer ke bich mai jab Communication hoga.

Tab yeh Device-to-Device Communication hoga. Jaise maan lijiye apka Mobile Phone kisi Wireless Device ke sath connect hai.

Jaise Bluetooth ke through Bluetooth headphones ke sath bhi connect hota hai. Tab bhi yeh Device-to-Device Model Communication hi hoga.

Asaan language mai kahe to do devices ke bich mai jab Communication bina kisi Device ke hota hai. Tab Device-to-Device Communication hota hai.

Device-to Cloud Model

Device-to Cloud Model mai IOT Devices application server ke sath communicate karte hai. Uske bad Application server age kisi device ke sath communicate karvate hai. Jaise camera , Smoke sensor, jaise IOT Devices kisi ghar mai hote hai.

Veh directly kisi type ke alarm ke sath connect hote hai bich mai Application server ke sath connect rehte hai. Ab yaha jaise hi smoke hogi ghar mai tab Smoke sensor detect kar lega.

Phir Application Layer ke through alarms se connection banta hai. Uske baad alarm baj jata hai is tarah se Device to cloud model apna kaam karte hai.

Device-to-Gateway Model

Device-to-Gateway Model kuch had tak Device-to-cloud model ki tarah hi hota hai. Yeh kaam bhi vaise hi karta hai.

Lekin Device-to-gateway mai gateway ke through sabhi IOT Devices ek dusre se Communication karte hai. Jaise Smoke Sensor ka example apko btaya gaya hai

Yaha Smoke sensor gateway ke sath connect rehta hai. Or gateway Application layer or dusre IOT Devices ke sath connect rehte hai. Is tarah se Device-to-gateway model apna kaam karta hai

Some IOT HACKING vulnerabilities

Insecure Web interface

Insufficient Authorization

Insecure Network services

Lack of Transport Encryption

Insecure Cloud Interface

Privacy Concerns

Insecure Mobile Interface

Poor Physical security

Insecure Software/Firmware

IOT hacking  attack areas

Access Control

Firmware Extraction

Privileges Escalation

Removal of Storage Media

Web Attacks

firmware Attacks

Network Services Attacks

Cloud Computing Attacks

Malcious Updates

Insecure APIs

Mobile Application Threats

IOT Hacking Attacks

IOT HACKING Devices

Vaise to bahut tarah ke IOT HACKING devices hote hai. Jinka use karke hacker kuch Hardware IOT Devices ke through hacking karte hai. Isliye inhe IOT HACKING kaha jata hai.

Sabhi ko bata pana to possible nahi hai. Aise bahut sare IOT hacking mai use kiye ja rahe hai. Lekin apko kuch devices ke bare mai bataya ja raha hai.

Node MCU

Node MCU ek aisa hardware hai. Jiske Through wifi Hacking, Wifi jammer or kayi tarah ke Wireless attacks ke liye use kiya jata hai.

Node MCU Fake access point bana kar Wifi Hack karne ke liye use kiya jata hai. Or bhi bahut jagah par Node MCU ka use kiya jata hai

Aap jaise jaise Robotic projects ke bare mai study karege. Apko pata chal jaygaa Node MCU ka use kis tarah se kiya ja sakta hai.

Lekin Wifi hacking , jamming jaise attack mai Node MCU ka use kiya jata hai. Yeh IOT HACKING device hai jiska use hacking mai kiya jati hai.

Raspberry pi

Yeh bhi IOT Hacking mai use kiya jata hai. Raspberry pi ek chota sa Motherboard hota hai. RPI ko Portable hacking machine bhi kaha jata hai.

Kyoki Raspberry pi mai kali Linux ko install karke kafi tarah ki hacking ki ja sakti hai. RPI3 mai 1 GB RAM hoti hai RPI 4 bhi hai.

Jisme RAM ko bhi badha diya gaya hai. Raspberry pi ko Pocket Motherboard ke naam se bhi jana jata hai.

RPI ka use hum Powerbank se ya Mobile Charger ke through kisi bhi tarah ki screen ko connect karke hacking ko kiya jata hai. Isliye is Device ko IOT Device mai rakha gaya hai.

Rubber ducky

Yeh ek USB Device hai jiska use IOT Hacking mai kiya jata hai. Vaise to yeh device to apko thoda epensive milta hai.

Lekin aap agar chahe to Rubber ducky ki jagah Arduino UNO , Mini LeonardoPro microDigispark . Jaise IOT device ka use kiya ja sakta hai

Ise BAD USB bhi kaha jata hai. Kyoki Rubber ducky aisi USB Hacking device hai. Jo kisi bhi Script ya Computer Virus ko USB Port par plug karte hi autorun ho jati hai.

Yeh USB Hacking mai bahut use ki jati hai .USB stealing jaise attacks inhi IOT Devices ke through kiye jate hai.

IOT HACKING
IOT HACKING

Hardware Keylogger

Keylogger ek tarah ka software ya program hota hai. Jo user ke through press kiye hue keys ko record karta hai. Keylogger apke keystrokes ko record karta hai.

Aap apne keyboard se kuch bhi type karte hai keylogger sabhi keys ko record kar leta hai.

Is tarah se hacker social accounts ko bhi hack karte hai. Iske bare mai apko System hacking mai btaya gaya hai.

Isliye agar apke Computer mai keylogger hota hai. Tab use find karna bhi mushkil hota hai.

Kyoki secret key ke through keylogger ko hide kar diya jata hai. Keylogger hardware mai bhi hote hai. Yeh dikhne mai kisi normal USB Device ki tarah hi hota hai.

IOT HACKING

IMSI Catcher

IMSI Catcher ek aisa IOT HACKING Device hai. Jiska use karke SS7 Attack kiya jata hai SS7 ke bare mai apko btaya gaya hai.

SS7 mai kisi particular number par attack karke messages or calls ko apne pass redirect kiya ja sakta hai. SS7 attack karne ke liye IMSI Catcher ki jarurt hoti hai

Vaise to IMSI catcher banane ke tarike alag alag hai. Lekin ik tarika hai jo sabse acha hota hai. Raspberry pi, two cellular antennas, Blader x4 ka use karke IMSI Catcher ko banaya ja sakta hai.

Isme use kiya sakta hai. IMSI catcher ke through Whatsapp Hacking hi nahi balki bahut tarah ki illegal hacking ko kiya ja sakta hai.

Ubertooth one

Ubertooth one ek aisa device hai. Jiska use Bluetooth Hacking mai kiya jata hai. Ubertooth one ek bluetooth monitoring device hota hai. Ubertooth one ke through bluetooth se connected devices ko monitor kiya ja sakta hai

Assan language mai agar kahe to Ubertooth one ke through Sniffing or information gather ki ja sakti hai. Ubertooth one ka use Network Security or Hacking mai kiya jata hai.

The Conclusion

Main Umeed karta hu ki apko IOT HACKING or IOT Devices ke bare mai pata chal gaya hoga. Vaise to bahut type ke IOT devices hai.

Jinke bare mai ek hi post mai batana possible nahi hai. IOT Devices ka use karke jab hacking ki jati hai tab yeh IOT HACKING hoti hai.

Inke ilava bhi bahut types ke IOT Devices hai. Jaise yardstick ,hackrf, Bluefruit LE Sniffer etc. Apka IOT Hacking ya IOT Devices ke bare mai kisi bhi tarah ka koi question hai.

Aap Comment box mai puch sakte hai. Agar apko yeh post achi lagti hai tab aap ise jarur share karen.

 Thankyou

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