By | November 17, 2019


What is Computer Hardware ?

Is Article mai apko What is Computer Hardware and Types of Hardware ke bare mai detail mai btaya jayga. Iske bare mai jane se pahle apko yeh jana jaruri hai ki hardware kya hai .

Hum jis chij ko touch kar sakte hai. Veh hardware kehlata hai . jaise laptop, mobile, motherboard, hard disk, monitor  ,CPU ,Keyboard ,Mouse ,LCD ,Printers ,Scanners.

Kisi bhi hardware ko chlane ke liye software ya program ka hona jaruri hota hai. Hum kisi hardware ko bina software ya program ke nahi chala sakte hai.

Jaise lcd mai lcd ko chlane ke liye lcd card mai chip hoti hai. Jisme program hota hai agar hum printer ko chlana chahte hai tab use chlane ke liye bhi software ka hona jaruri hota hai.

Har tarh ke hardware ko chlane ke liye kisi na kisi software ya program ka hona jaruri hota hai. Asan bhasha mai kahe to bina software ya program ke koi hardware apna kaam nahi kar sakte hai.

Computer Hardware

Types of Computer Hardware in Hindi

apne do tarah ke system ko dekha hoga

1. laptop 2. desktop lekin aaj ke time mai ise bhi alag alag tarah ke systems apko dekhne ko mil jayege

Jaise Raspberry pi  , Arduino  , Lattepanda Alpha iske ilava bhi IBM company ne sabse chota computer bnaya hai. Jiska size ek chawal ke jitna hai chaliye ab kuch computer hardware ke parts ke bare mai jante hai .

Monitor

Computer  Monitor ek Electronic device hota hai. Jis par hum kisi bhi input device ke dvara di gyi input ka output dekh sakte hai.

Monitor ek output device hota hai . Computer Monitor ke kayi parkar hote hai jaise  CRT, TFT, LCD, LED etc

Computer Hardware

Keyboard

Keyboard  ek input  device hota hai . normally keyboard mai 104 keys hoti hai .

Iska use hum typing karne ke liye karte hai. Aisa nahi hai ki hum keyboard ke bina typing nahi kar sakte hai.

Computer Hardware

On screen keyboard ki sahyta se typing ki ja sakti hai. Lekin vaha hum itni speed se typing nahi kar sakte hai.

jitni speed se keyboard par kar sakte keyboard apko wired or wireless dono tarah ke mil jate hai.

Keyboard par ps2 port hote hai ya phir usb port lekin aaj ke samy mai usb port hi jada istemal kiye jate hai ps2 kam istemal hote hai.

Mouse

Mouse ek pointing device hai isme cursor ki sahyta se kaam kiya jata hai . yeh ek input device hota hai.

Computer Hardware

Isme apko 2 ya 3 button dekhne ko mil jayege (Left Key , Right key , middle Roller key)  yeh apko wireless or wired dekhne ko mil jate hai.

 yeh USB or PS2  dono  ports mai hote hai.

Printer 

Yeh ek hardware hai . printer ek output device hota hai. Jiski sahyta se soft copy ko hard copy mai convert kiya jata hai

Computer Hardware

yehcomputer ke through li hui jankari ko kisi plane page par chapta hai

Scanner

Scanner ek output  device hota hai . scanner hard copy ko soft copy mai convert karta hai

iski sahyta se documents ko scan karke computer ke memory mai store kiya ja sakta hai

Motherboard

Motherboard  Computer  Hardware mai sabse main hardware hota hai Motherboard  ko PCB (Printed  Circuit  Board  ) bhi kaha jata hai

is par Computer  ko chlane ke liye jitne bhi components hote hai veh sabhi Motherboard se connected hote hai

jaise RAM , CPU, Graphic  card , SMPS , North  Bridge , South  Bridge , BIOS  etc ।

CPU (MicroProcessor )

CPU ka pura nam Central  processing  unit  hota hai CPU ko computer ka dimag bhi kaha jata hai

yeh ek computer mai sabse mukhya bhag hota hai. CPU ki processing ko 3 parts mai banta gya hai ALU , CU , MU. 

 ALU ka pura nam   Arthemetic Logic unit hota hai ALU mai Arithmetic  Calculation hoti hai jaise Addition , Subtraction , Divide , Multiply . 

CU ki sahyta se user ke through di gyi input ko computer ki language mai convert kiya jata hai.  Sath hi data or instructions ko CPU tak transfer kiya jata hai .

 MU ka pura nam Memory  unit hota hai MU mai Primary or  secondary   Memory ate hai jaise RAM  , ROM , Hard  disk

RAM

RAM  ka pura nam Random  Access  Memory hota hai RAM ek Primary   Memory hoti hai

isme data tab tak store rehta hai jab tak computer ko supply milti hai RAM mai data temporary  store rehta hai

yeh apko market mai 1 GB se lekar 32 GB tak ki RAM dekhne ko mil jayegi.

Expansions  cards

Expansions  cards ek tarh ke Computer Hardware components hote hai jo motherboard par lagaye jate hai

Jinme Graphic card ,Sound card ,LAN ,USB card ate hai. Sound Card  , LAN  Card , Graphic card external bhi ho sakte hai. Agar  motherboard  mai yeh card nhi hai tab aap  external cards ko PCI Slot mai lga kar use kar sakte hai.

 Graphic card ka use HD images, Animation softwares, high Quality games ke liye kiya jata hai. 

Sound card ka use headphone  mic ka use karne ke liye kiya jata hai. LAN card ka use Ethernet cable ke through internet chlane ke liye kiya jata hai. 

USB card ka use USB Keyboard , Mouse, or Pen Drive lgane ke liye kiya jata hai .

SMPS

SMPS ka pura nam Switch Mode Power Supply hota hai SMPS AC Voltage ko DC Voltage mai Convert karta hai

Yeh convert karke Motherboard , Hard Disk or baki sabhi hardware ko power deta hai. SMPS mai Computer ke sabhi hardware ko power supply alag alag cables ke through di jati hai.

Hard disk Drive (HDD)

Hard disk ko Secendory storage device bhi kaha jata hai Hard disk mai data Permanent store rehta hai

Pahle ke time mai Hard disk 40 Gb , 60 Gb, 120 Gb tak ki bhi mil jati thi. Lekin ab 250 GB se lekar 4 TB tak ki hard disk hi dekhne ko milti hai 

60 Gb jaise Hard disk purane Computer ya Laptop  mai hi dekhne ko milti hai. Desktop Computer or Laptop Computer ke liye Hard disk alag alag hoti hai.

DVD Drive

Yeh ek hardware hota hai jo computer Cabinet mai laga hota hai. DVD Drive ki sahyta se  CD, DVD ko play kiya jata hai  

iska use  Data ko Digital Format mai CD ya DVD mai Store karne ke liye kiya jata hai

The Conclusion

jaise jaise Technology badhti ja rahi hai Hardware ka size bhi kam hota ja raha hai .

pahla computer ka size bahut bada hota tha ek ek  Hardware ko rakhne ke liye ek room chahiye hota tha.

Ek cabinet mai sabhi hardware a jate hai. Jaise ki maine apko btaya ki aaj ke time mai chawal ke size ka bhi computer ban gya hai.

Hum aaj ke time mai hardware se puri tarh se ghire hue hai kyu ki har jagah inka istemal kiya jata hai . Hardware ne humari life bahut hi asan kar di hai.

Main umeed karta hu ki apko Computer Hardware ke bare mai jankari mil gyi hogi. Ane vali posts mai apko  Computer Hardware ke parts ke bare mai detail mai bta diya jayga.

Meri puri koshish rahegi ki main apke sath apni sari knowledge ko share kar saku agar apka kisi bhi trh ka koi question hai to aap comment box mai puch sakte hai

Sharing is Caring Thankyou

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2 Replies to “What is Computer Hardware and types of Hardware?”

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