In this article, we are telling you about DNS Enumeration Tools, here we are telling you practically using some such tools which we keep in the category of DNS Enumeration Tools.
Before going about DNS Enumeration Tools, you should know what is DNS Enumeration, what is Zone transfer and you should know about some such basic concepts are.
If you have been following our website for a long time, then you must have heard about DNS Enumeration at one time or another, but here we are telling you using DNS Enumeration Tools practically.
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What is DNS Enumeration ?
DNS enumeration is the process of locating all the DNS servers and their corresponding records for an organization. DNS enumeration will yield usernames, computer names, and IP addresses of potential target systems.
The list of DNS records provides an overview of types of resource records (database records) stored in the zone files of the Domain Name System (DNS).
There is also another concept in DNS Enumeration which we know as Zone Transfer, now let us know what is this Zone Transfer, here we are trying to understand you in easy language.
As we all know very well that we should always keep our data backed up and we keep it in the same way, there are two types of servers in DNS Servers, one is a Primary Server and the other is a Secondary Server.
In such a situation, if the primary server fails or it is not able to resolve DNS for any reason, then the secondary server is used, where this process is called Zone Transfer, let’s understand it by example.
For example, suppose we are opening some kind of website here, then that request goes to the DNS Server where all types of DNS records reside, but if one server fails due to some reason then the same request goes to the Secondary Server like that you can also understand its working from the image.
List of DNS Enumeration Tools
Here we are telling you about 7 DNS Enumeration Tools, although a single tool is enough for you to do DNS Enumeration, but still you should know the alternatives of all things, so here you will be told about 7 DNS Enumeration Tools.
First of all, you are being told about dnsenum, you get this tool already installed in Kali Linux, you can remove many types of DNS information by using this tool.
If you say in easy language, then this single tool lets you remove many types of DNS information like nameservers, MX servers as well as this tool helps in finding subdomains as well. DNS Enumeration is also used in Bug Hunting.
Here you can see the help of all the tools by checking, here you get multiple options that can be used as you have been told, this tool also helps in bug hunting, if you do bug hunting then you will know DNS Enemuration is also used in bug hunting.
There is also a similar dnsmap tool, you do not get it installed, you can easily install it by typing dnsmap in the terminal, this tool is used in DNS Network mapping which is very easy to use.
There is a very good tool in the list of DNS Enumeration Tools which helps in extracting DNS records which are called dnsrecon, you also get this tool already installed in Kali Linux.
You must have seen these DNS records at some time or the other, whenever you host the website, you still have to show records in a similar way, here the DNS recon tool is used to extract these records if you know about the records.
You can install the tools here in this way, whichever of these tools are not installed in your Kali Linux, you can use them easily by installing something like this and you can also know how to use them by checking the help.
Here if we tell all the tools in depth, then this article will increase a lot, so we are telling you the basic use of all the tools here, but we want to tell you that you should also explore these tools by yourself.
dnswalk is a DNS debugger. It performs zone transfers of specified domains and checks the database in numerous ways for internal consistency, as well as accuracy.
We have told you about Zone Transfer above, you will be told about Zone Transfer completely practically, how attackers perform Zone Transfer, this work is done with the help of dig tool, on which a separate complete article will be written.
Fierce is a semi-lightweight scanner that helps locate non-contiguous IP space and hostnames against specified domains. It’s really meant as a pre-cursor to nmap, unicornscan, nessus, nikto, etc, since all of those require that you already know what IP space you are looking for.
This does not perform exploitation and does not scan the whole internet indiscriminately. It is meant specifically to locate likely targets both inside and outside a corporate network.
The name of the last tool in our list of DNS Enumeration Tools is dig, which would not be wrong to say all in one DNS Enumeration Tools because the work that we have told you using other tools, all the work can be done by using dig tool.
In this tool you get multiple parameters that are used in DNS Enumeration, you can see and use all the parameters of the dig tool by checking help here.
As you can see in the image, in the same way, you can use the parameters in the dig tool, you get this tool already installed in Kali Linux, some of the tools mentioned here, you get already installed, some are installed.
We have told you here practically about Top 7 DNS Enumeration Tools, we hope that you must have come to know about Top 7 DNS Enumeration Tools very well.
It is not that there are only so many tools in the category of DNS Enumeration Tools, but these are the tools which are used the most and about which you should also know.
After this, you will also get to see the article on the practical of DNS zone transfer soon, if you liked this article of ours, then you must share it if you have any kind of question then you can ask in the comment.
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