What is MICROPROCESSOR and Types of CPU?

MICROPROCESSOR

Is article mai apke sabhi question ke answer apko mil jayege jaise What is MICROPROCESSOR , What is CPU, Types of Microprocessor , Types of CPU

PROCESSOR ko Computer ka mind bhi kaha jata hai. CPU ke bina aap COMPUTER ko on bhi nahi kar sakte hai.

PROCESSOR kisi bhi Computer ka sabse main part hota hai. PROCESSOR ko kayi naam se jana jata hai. jaise MICROPROCESSOR  , Main Chip ,CPU. 

CPU ka pura naam Central Processing Unit hota hai. Kisi bhi normal user ko bas itna hi pata hota hai ki usne keyboard par kuch type kiya or uska output monitor par show hua.

Lekin yeh kaise hota hai use malum nahi hota hai. Kyoki Processor ki processing speed bahut tej hoti hai. PROCESSOR ko bnane vali do main company hai Intel or AMD .

INTEL PROCESSOR  AMD Processor se har tarah se ache hote hai. PROCESSOR software or Hardware ke bich mai communication ko process karke hume output deta hai. yeh sabhi devices mai hota hai Mobile ,COMPUTER , Laptop , Tablets etc

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Identification of Good PROCESSOR

Clock Speed

Clock speed ko PROCESSOR Speed or Clock Rate bhi kaha jata hai. Jis speed se PROCESSOR kisi bhi Instruction ko perform karta hai. Use Clock speed kaha jata hai

jitni jada PROCESSOR ki clock speed hoti hai. PROCESSOR utni teji se kaam karta hai ek PROCESSOR lene se pahle Clock speed ka dhyan jarur rakhna chahiye

Clock speed ko MHz ya GHz mai measure kiya jata hai. Yaha 1 MHz ka matlab 1 million cycle per second hota hai or 1 GHz ka matalb 1 thousand million cycle per second hota hai

Front Side Bus

Front Side Bus PROCESSOR ko System Memory ke sath Communication ke liye use ki jati hai. FSB Speed jitni jada hoti hai utni hi teji se PROCESSOR apna kaam karta hai 

Yeh PROCESSOR ko North Bridge ke sath communicate karne ke liye bhi use ki jati hai. FSB ki Speed  66MHz se lekar 1333MHz tak ki hoti hai.

Cache Memory

yeh Memory PROCESSOR ke andar hi hoti hai. Cache Memory ki speed baki dusri Memory se bahut fast hoti hai

Jaise apne kabhi na kabhi dekha hoga. Aap Browser mai pahli bar koi website ko open karte hai. Jab uske bad open karte hai. Tab veh Website  pahle se jada teji se khul jati hai

Aisa Cache Memory ki vajah se hi hota hai. Kyoki jab aap COMPUTER mai koi kaam karte hai. Tab veh kaam Cache ke form mai PROCESSOR mai store ho jata hai or jab use dubara se open kiya jata hai. Tab veh jaldi open ho jati hai 

Cache Memory 3 types ki hoti hai. L1 , L2, L3  L1 Cache Memory kis speed sabse jada hoti hai. L1 Cache ka size 8 KB se lekar 64 KB tak ka ho sakta hai. L2  Cache Memory ki speed L1  se kam hoti hai. L2 Cache ka size  64 KB se lekar 256 KB tak ki ho sakti hai. L3 Cache Memory ki Speed L1 or L2 se kam hoti hai. L3 Cache ka size 256 KB se lekar 8 MB tak ki hoti hai

What is Core in PROCESSOR?

Apne kabhi na kabhi Core ka naam jarur suna hoga. Single Core, Dual Core, Octa core, Core i3 , core i5. Yeh Core kya hota hai. Chaliye iske bare mai jante hai

Jaise maan lijiye aap COMPUTER par kuch type kar rahe hai or sath hi Internet ko bhi chla rahe hai ya or kaam bhi kar rhe hai. Apko yeh sabhi kaam akele karne ho tab aap ek kaam khatam karne ke bad dusra kaam kar sakte hai.

Jaise agar aapka PROCESSOR Single Core hai. Tab COMPUTER mai ek time par ek hi kaam kar sakte hai. Agar aap dusra kaam COMPUTER par karte hai tab apka COMPUTER slow ho jayga. Dual Core mai 2 Core hote hai or aap ek sath do kaam bhi kar sakte hai or apka COMPUTER bhi slow nahi hoga

Quad Core mai 4 Core milkar kaam karte hai. Octa Core mai 8 Core mil kar kaam karte hai. Agar apko COMPUTER par ek sath kafi sare kaam karne hai tab Octa Core acha mana jata hai. Deca Core mai 10 core mil kar kisi bhi kaam ko karte hai.

Types Of  MICROPROCESSOR ?

Hyperthreading

Apne kabhi na kabhi Hyperthreading ka naam jarur suna hoga.  Hyperthreading ka use karke apka COMPUTER PROCESSOR agar Dual Core hai. Tab veh Quad Core ban jata hai or agar Quad Core hai. Tab veh Octa Core ban jata hai lekin Physically aisa nahi hota hai

Agar apka PROCESSOR Dual Core hai tab veh Dual Core hi hota hai tab aise mai yeh swal ata hai. Hyperthreading ka fayda kya hai.

Chaliye iske bare mai jante hai agar apke CPU mai Hyperthreading enable hoti hai. Tab veh dual Core ko Quad Core ki tarah use kar pata hai

Jaise maan lijiye apka CPU Dual core ka hai or apke CPU mai Hyperthreading enable hota hai. Tab apke enable hota hai tab apke PROCESSOR par bahut sare kaam ek sath kiye ja sakte hai.

Intel  Celeron

Yeh Processor Intel Pentium Processor ke jaisa hi hota hai. Yeh PROCESSOR Pentium PROCESSOR se saste hote hai. Intel  Celeron Processor Clock speed , front Side Bus or cache memory Pentium PROCESSOR se kam hoti hai. Aaj ke time mai in processor ka use nahi kiya jata hai

MICROPROCESSOR

Intel Core2 Duo MICROPROCESSOR

Core2 Duo PROCESSOR ki processing speed pentium or celeron se jada hoti hai. Intel core2 Duo PROCESSOR mai ek sath kayi tarah ke kaam karte hai. Tab bhi veh hang nahi hota hai.

Intel core2duo PROCESSOR ki FSB Speed 1066MHz se lekar 1333MHz tak ki hoti hai.  L2 cache memory 2 MB se lekar 6 MB tak ki ho sakti hai. In Processor ki Clock speed 1.86 GHz se lekar 3.33 GHz tak ki ho sakti hai.

MICROPROCESSOR

Yeh aaj ke time mai bhi use kiye jate hai or apko market mai bhi asani se mil jate hai or inka Price bhi bahut hi kam hota hai.

Agar aap ek normal PC tyar karvana chahte hai tab aap yeh le sakte hai. Lekin aap isme jada heavy softwares nahi chala sakte hai. Office Working ya COMPUTER Centers ke liye inka use jada kiya jata hai.

Core i3 MICROPROCESSOR

i3 Processor aaj ke time mai bahut use kiya jata hai. Core i3 PROCESSOR mai apko hyperthreading pahle se hi enable milti hai. Hyperthreading kya hai iske bare mai upar bata diya gaya hai

MICROPROCESSOR

Core i3 PROCESSOR mai intel Company ne inbuilt graphic card bhi diya hai. Jiska use karke HD image, videos ,Animation ko chlaya ja sakta hai.

In Processors ki clock speed 2.93GHz se lekar 3.33 GHz tak ki ho sakti hai. Cache Memory 4 Mb tak ki hoti hai FSB Speed 2.5 GT/s DMI tak ki hoti hai. In Processors ko Socket LGA1156 par lagaya jata hai.

Core i5 MICROPROCESSOR

i5 PROCESSOR mai turbo boost technology ka use kiya gaya hai. Jiski vajah se in PROCESSOR ki Processing speed bahut badh jati hai. 

Core i5 PROCESSOR apko 2 or 8 Cores vale PROCESSOR dekhne ko mil jayege, Cores ke bare mai apko upar bata diya gaya hai.

MICROPROCESSOR

Core i5 PROCESSOR ki clock speed 2.4 GHz se lekar 3.66 GHz tak ki ho sakti hai. Inki Cache Memory 4 MB se lekar  8 MB tak ki ho sakti hai or FSB Speed 2.5 GT/s DMI tak hoti hai. In Processors mai Model number bhi alag alag hote hai jaise i5-650, i5-655K,i5-660,i5-661 etc

Core i7 MICROPROCESSOR

i7 PROCESSOR latest Technology ka PROCESSOR mana jata hai. In PROCESSOR mai (IOH) i/o Controller Hub ka use kiya gaya hai. In PROCESSOR ko install karne ke liye new Motherboard , new Chipset or new over clocking methods ka bhi use kiya gaya hai. 

Intel Core i7 6700K CPU top view

Core i7 PROCESSOR mai data transfer ki speed 25.6 GB/sec tak ki hoti hai. In Processors ki clock speed 2.93 GHz se lekar 3.20 GHz tak ki ho sakti hai

Inme apko 4 or 6 dono tarah ke Cores vale PROCESSOR dekhne ko mil jate hai. Inki FSB Speed 4.8 GT/s se lekar 6.4 GT/s tak ki hoti hai or Cache Memory 8 MB se lekar 12 MB tak ki hoti hai. Yeh bahut hu Fast processing karne vale Processor mane jate hai.

AMD  MICROPROCESSOR

Iska pura naam ADVANCED MICRO DEVICES hota hai. AMD PROCESSOR Intel PROCESSOR se saste hote hai. Inki Processing speed intel PROCESSOR se kam hoti hai. AMD PROCESSOR mai Overheating ki problem bahut dekhne ko milti hai. 

MICROPROCESSOR

intel PROCESSOR agar apke Computer mai hota hai. Tab veh power bhi kam use karta hai. Intel PROCESSOR har tarah se AMD PROCESSOR se ache mane jate hai. AMD PROCESSOR ka price low hone ki vajah se yeh market mai bikta hai

MICROPROCESSOR Sockets

SOCKET PGA370

PGA370 mai 370 pins hoti hai. Jo 6 rows mai hoti hai. Socket PGA370 par jin PROCESSOR ko install kiya jata hai. unme L2 Cache Memory pahle se hi hoti hai. Socket PGA370 par Intel Celeron or Pentium ।।। PROCESSOR ko install kiya jata hai. Yeh aaj ke time mai bahut kam dekhne ko milte hai

SOCKET PGA478

PGA478 mai 478 pins hoti hai. Socket PGA478 par pentium4 jise hum P4 ke naam se bhi jante hai. Un Processor ko install kiya jata hai. Yeh aaj ke time mai kam use kiye jate hai. Kuch saal pahle yeh PROCESSOR market mai bahut famous hua karte the jise p4 kaha jata tha

SOCKET LGA775 

LGA775 ko intel company ne bnaya hai. Is Socket par Pentium 4 Extreme Edition, Pentium D PROCESSOR ko install kiya jata hai.

Isme Hyperthreading ka bhi use kiya jata hai. Socket LGA775 mai 775 pins hoti hai or yeh land grid area(LGA)-ZIF Type Sockets hote hai.

Socket LGA1156

LGA1156 ko Socket LGA775 ki jagah bnaya gaya hai. Ise Socket H ke naam se bhi jana jata hai. Socket LGA1156 mai PCI Express 2.0x 16 Connection ka use kiya gaya hai.

IOH or ICH ka use ko DMI(Direct media interface) ke sath communicate  karne ke liye kiya gaya hai. Socket LGA1156 par core i3,i5,i7  MICROPROCESSOR ki 1st generation ko install kiya jata hai.

Socket LGA1155

LGA1155 ko Socket H2 bhi kaha jata hai. Socket LGA1155 mai 1155 pins hoti hai. In Sockets par Core i3,i5,i7 ke 2nd generation vale Microprocessor ko install kiya jata hai. Socket LGA1155 ko Socket LGA1156 ki jagah liya gaya hai. Yeh aaj ke time mai bahut use kiye jate hai.

Socket LGA1366

LGA1366 ko Socket B ke naam se bhi jana jata hai. In Sockets par 1366 pins hoti hai. Socket LGA1366 par core i3, i5,i7 par 3rd generation ke bad ke sabhi MICROPROCESSOR ko install kiya jata hai.

HEAT SINK

Heat Sink ek fan hota hai. Jise MICROPROCESSOR ke upar lgaya jata hai. Kyoki jab hum COMPUTER ko start karte hai. Tab MICROPROCESSOR bahut heat hote hai unhe cooling dene ke liye.

sabse pahle MICROPROCESSOR par thermel paste ko lgaya jata hai uske bad Heat sink fan ko lgaya jata hai

agar COMPUTER mai heat sink fan nahi lgaya jayga tab PROCESSOR kuch hi minutes mai kharab ho sakte hai

jadatar MICROPROCESSOR ko bina Heat sink fan ke 2-3 minutes tak hi chlaya ja sakta hai. Ise jada der tak agar chlaya jata hai tab MICROPROCESSOR kharab ho sakte hai.

The Conclusion

Main umeed karta hu ki apko MICROPROCESSOR ke bare mai ache se pata chal gaya hoga. Apko is Post mai What is MICROPROCESSOR or types of MICROPROCESSOR Sockets ke bare mai btaya gaya hai.

Hum jante hai ki kuch terms ke bare mai apko nahi pata chalega uske bare mai age ane vali posts mai detail mai bta diya jayga. MICROPROCESSOR ke bina hum COMPUTER ke hone ke bare mai soch bhi nahi sakte hai.

Agar apka koi bhi question hai tab aap humse comment box mai puch sakte hai. Apki puri help ki jayegi. Agar apko mere likhe hue Posts pasand ate hai tab aap is Blog ko jrur subscribe kare.

Thankyou

3 thoughts on “What is MICROPROCESSOR and Types of CPU?

  • February 1, 2020 at 5:20 pm
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    Really appreciate you sharing this blog.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

    Reply
  • February 24, 2020 at 5:19 pm
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    Hello, great article. I find it no question helpful. I in fact desire to see further posts in the unconventional

    Reply

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